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Commerce, business, and environment

Section Editor: Cheryl Fitzer-Attas, ClinMed, USA
Covers all commercial uses of the cannabis plant (including non-pharmacological uses such as hemp) and the business, financial, socioeconomic, environmental, public safety, and regulatory aspects of the cannabis industry.


  1. Hemp-derived delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol (∆9 THC) products are freely available for sale across much of the USA, but the federal legislation allowing their sale places only minimal requirements on companies. Pro...

    Authors: Lee Johnson, Marc Malone, Erik Paulson, Josh Swider, David Marelius, Susan Andersen and Dominic Black
    Citation: Journal of Cannabis Research 2023 5:29

    The Correction to this article has been published in Journal of Cannabis Research 2023 5:33

  2. Cannabidiol (CBD)-containing products are sold widely in consumer stores, but concerns have been raised regarding their quality, with notable discrepancies between advertised and actual CBD content. Informatio...

    Authors: Drusus A. Johnson, Megan Hogan, Ray Marriot, Liam M. Heaney, Stephen J. Bailey, Tom Clifford and Lewis J. James
    Citation: Journal of Cannabis Research 2023 5:28
  3. Cannabis sativa L. also known as industrial hemp, is primarily cultivated as source material for cannabinoids cannabidiol (CBD) and ∆9-tetrahydrocannabinol (∆9-THC). Pesticide contamination during plant growth is...

    Authors: Jamie Cuchiaro, James Baumgartner and Melissa M. Reynolds
    Citation: Journal of Cannabis Research 2023 5:13
  4. Industrial hemp, with low levels of the intoxicating cannabinoid tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), is grown for fibre and seeds. The industrial hemp industry is poised for expansion. The legalisation of industrial h...

    Authors: Rachel A. Burton, Mike Andres, Martin Cole, James M. Cowley and Mary Ann Augustin
    Citation: Journal of Cannabis Research 2022 4:45
  5. When non-medical cannabis use became legal, government regulators implemented policies to encourage safer consumption through access to a regulated market. While this market is growing, sales still occur throu...

    Authors: Jennifer Donnan, Omar Shogan, Lisa Bishop, Michelle Swab and Maisam Najafizada
    Citation: Journal of Cannabis Research 2022 4:9
  6. Cannabis-related businesses (CRBs), in states where cannabis is legal, may be unable to obtain professional financial services including banking, insurance, and accounting because of federal laws and regulatio...

    Authors: G. Suzanne Owens-Ott
    Citation: Journal of Cannabis Research 2020 2:41
  7. Widespread commercialization of cannabis has led to the introduction of brand names based on users’ subjective experience of psychological effects and flavors, but this process has occurred in the absence of a...

    Authors: Alethia de la Fuente, Federico Zamberlan, Andrés Sánchez Ferrán, Facundo Carrillo, Enzo Tagliazucchi and Carla Pallavicini
    Citation: Journal of Cannabis Research 2020 2:21