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Table 1 Characteristics of the study sample according to self-reported cannabis use, Canadian Tobacco, Alcohol and Drugs Survey (2017) (N = 15,459)

From: The association between cannabis and codeine use: a nationally representative cross-sectional study in Canada

  Cannabis usea (N = 3338) No cannabis useb (N = 12,121)
Sex
 Male 1833 (62.2) 5554 (46.9)
 Female 1505 (37.8) 6567 (53.1)
Age
 15–44 years 2967 (74.3) 8560 (43.4)
 45+ years 371 (25.7) 3561 (56.6)
Geographical region
 Urban 2527 (82.1) 8942 (79.6)
 Rural 811 (17.9) 3179 (20.4)
Education
 Less than secondary 550 (8.1) 3116 (11.6)
 Secondary 1549 (27.8) 4047 (24.9)
 Trade/college 811 (34.7) 2826 (29.4)
 University and above 427 (29.4) 2132 (34.1)
Absence from workc
 Absent 1095 (30.8) 5291 (42.6)
 Present 2243 (69.2) 6830 (57.4)
Marital status
 Partner 474 (42.2) 3704 (64.6)
 No partner 2864 (57.8) 8417 (35.4)
Smoking status
 Nonsmoker 2276 (62.3) 11,133 (89.5)
 Smoker 1062 (37.7) 988 (10.5)
Codeine used
 No 2876 (86.0) 11,130 (92.0)
 Yes 462 (14.0) 991 (8.0)
Alcohol consumptiond
 Abstainer/low 3034 (88.3) 11,879 (97.2)
 Hazardous/harmful 304f (11.7) 242f (2.8)
Illicit drug usee
 No 2624 (77.7) 12,001 (99.2)
 Yes 714 (22.3) 120f (0.8)
Self-perceived health
 Very good/excellent 2096 (57.8) 8597 (66.1)
 Good 983 (33.2) 2883 (25.9)
 Fair/poor 259f (9.0) 641 (8.0)
  1. aUse of cannabis-containing products in the past 12 months
  2. bNo use of cannabis-containing products in the past 12 months
  3. cDuring the week prior to the date survey was conducted
  4. dUse over the past 12 months
  5. eIncludes cocaine, speed/meth, ecstasy, hallucinogens, salvia, heroin, inhalants, abuse of pain relievers, stimulants, and sedatives to get high in the past 12 months
  6. fCoefficients of variation are within the range of 16.6 to 33.3%. Therefore, it is required to report by the Statistics Canada that estimates are associated with high levels of error [21]. All percentages reported are weighted using probability weights from Statistics Canada