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Table 1 Characteristics of participants who reported self-medication with cannabis based on an online survey in Quebec from November 2020 to January 2021 (n = 489)

From: A description of self-medication with cannabis among adults with legal access to cannabis in Quebec, Canada

Characteristicsa Genderb P-value* Type of cannabis use P-value* Total participants (n = 489) N (%)
Men (n = 235) Women (n = 238) Medical use only (n = 122) Medical + recreational use (n = 367)
Gender       0.0173  
 Male - -   46 (37.70) 189 (51.50)   235 (48.06)
 Female - -   73 (59.84) 165 (44.96)   238 (48.67)
 Others - -   3 (2.46) 13 (3.54)   16 (3.27)
Age (mean = 36 years, min = 21, max = 77, median = 34)    0.1419    <.0001  
 21–30 93 (39.74) 100 (42.02)   32 (26.23) 174 (47.54)   206 (42.21)
 31–40 69 (29.49) 56 (23.53)   33 (27.05) 95 (25.96)   128 (26.23)
 41–50 45 (19.23) 37 (15.55)   23 (18.85) 59 (16.12)   82 (16.80)
 51–60 18 (7.69) 31 (13.03)   22 (18.03) 27 (7.38)   49 (10.04)
  > 60 9 (3.85) 14 (5.88)   12 (9.84) 11 (3.01)   23 (4.71)
Ethnicity    0.0206    0.7377  
 Caucasian 224 (96.55) 214 (91.45)   114 (94.21) 337 (93.35)   451 (93.57)
 Others 8 (3.45) 20 (8.55)   7 (5.79) 24 (6.65)   31 (6.43)
Marital status    0.7213    0.7222  
 Single 106 (46.29) 104 (44.64)   53 (44.92) 168 (46.80)   221 (46.33)
 In a relationship (married or unmarried) 123 (53.71) 129 (55.36)   65 (55.08) 191 (53.20)   256 (53.67)
Highest level of education    0.0038    0.7900  
 Primary or high school 53 (23.25) 40 (17.02)   23 (19.49) 72 (19.95)   95 (19.83)
 Technical school 62 (27.19) 41 (17.45)   27 (22.88) 78 (21.61)   105 (21.92)
 College 68 (29.82) 77 (32.77)   35 (29.66) 116 (32.13)   151 (31.52)
 First cycle university 31 (13.60) 58 (24.68)   22 (18.64) 73 (20.22)   95 (19.83)
 Second or third cycle university 14 (6.14) 19 (8.09)   11 (9.32) 22 (6.09)   33 (6.89)
Annual income    0.1046    0.4683  
 < 10,000 9 (4.00) 16 (7.14)   6 (5.31) 20 (5.68)   26 (5.59)
 10,000–24,999 36 (16.00) 53 (23.66)   29 (25.66) 70 (19.89)   99 (21.29)
 25,000–49,999 74 (32.89) 58 (25.89)   25 (22.12) 111 (31.53)   136 (29.25)
 50,000–74,999 38 (16.89) 42 (18.75)   23 (20.35) 58 (16.48)   81 (17.42)
 75,000–99,999 35 (15.56) 24 (10.71)   13 (11.50) 46 (13.07)   59 (12.69)
 100,000–124,999 17 (7.56) 12 (5.36)   9 (7.96) 20 (5.68)   29 (6.24)
 > 125,000 16 (7.11) 19 (8.48)   8 (7.07) 27 (7.76)   35 (7.53)
  1. *See supplemental Table 1 for pairwise comparisons for categorical variables with a significant global p-value
  2. aMissing answers are excluded from percentages
  3. bThe category “other gender” was not considered for the stratification by gender due to the low number of participants in this category