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Table 2 Sociodemographic and medical characteristics of 53,963 patients seeking medical cannabis certification from CB2 Insights clinics in five states

From: Comparing medical cannabis use in 5 US states: a retrospective database study

Characteristic Massachusetts Colorado Maine Connecticut Maryland Total
n = 27,892
mean (SD) or n (%)
n = 16,434
mean (SD) or n (%)
n = 4591
mean (SD) or n (%)
n = 2643
mean (SD) or n (%)
n = 2403
mean (SD) or n (%)
n = 61,379
mean (SD) or %
Age (years), mean (SD)a,b 47.0 (15.9) 43.3 (15.9) 46.2 (15.6) 42.2 (14.4) 45.7 (15.7) 45.5 (15.8)
Gender
 Male 14,615 (52.4%) 9,969 (60.7%) 2,720 (59.2%) 1,506 (57.0%) 1,019 (42.4%) 54.8%
 Female 10,413 (37.3%) 6,353 (38.7%) 1,746 (38.0%) 1,067 (40.4%) 714 (29.7%) 37.8%
 Non-binary 12 (0.0%) 5 (0.0%) 1 (0.0%) 6 (0.2%) 4 (0.2%) 0.1%
 Unknown/unspecified 2,851 (10.2%) 107 (0.7%) 124 (2.7%) 64 (2.4%) 666 (27.7%) 7.3%
Race n=11,005 n=12,266 n=1,452 n=1,927 n=654 n=32,275
 White 10,304 (93.6%) 10,372 (84.6%) 1,396 (96.1%) 1,615 (83.8%) 446 (68.2%) 87.5%
 Black 451 (4.1%) 1,169 (9.5%) 17 (1.2%) 268 (13.9%) 184 (28.1%) 8.5%
 Other 110 (1.0%) 316 (2.6%) 20 (1.4%) 21 (1.1%) 6 (0.9%) 1.6%
 Asian 94 (0.9%) 117 (1.0%) 7 (0.5%) 13 (0.7%) 10 (1.5%) 0.9%
 American Indian/Alaska Native 9 (0.1%) 210 (1.7%) 10 (0.7%) 6 (0.3%) 2 (0.3%) 0.8%
 Middle Eastern 22 (0.2%) 19 (0.2%) 0 (0.0%) 3 (0.2%) 3 (0.5%) 0.2%
 Native Hawaiian/other Pacific Islander 2 (0.0%) 47 (0.4%) 2 (0.1%) 0 (0.0%) 2 (0.3%) 0.2%
 South East Asian 13 (0.1%) 16 (0.1%) 0 (0.0%) 1 (0.1%) 1 (0.2%) 0.1%
Surrogate household income n=25,182 n=15,627 n=4,222 n=2,595 n=1,718 n=56,083
 Median $75,480 $64,251 $55,737 $71,961 $84,257 $69,481
 (IQR) ($37,785) ($32,120) ($19,633) ($29,852) ($37,917) ($35,807)
Smoking statusa,b
 Smoker 3,994 (14.3%) 4,059 (24.7%) 1,022 (22.3%) 638 (24.1%) 271 (11.3%) 18.8%
 Non-Smoker 23,897 (85.7%) 12,375 (75.3%) 3,569 (77.7%) 2,005 (75.9%) 2,132 (88.7%) 81.2%
Alcohol consumptiona,b
 Yes 12,459 (44.7%) 6,323 (38.5%) 1,905 (41.5%) 1,081 (40.9%) 976 (40.6%) 42.5%
 No 15,432 (55.3%) 10,111 (61.5%) 2,686 (58.5%) 1,562 (59.1%) 1,427 (59.4%) 57.5%
Previous cannabis experiencea,b
 Yes 20,118 (72.1%) 10,450 (63.6%) 3,509 (76.4%) 1,959 (74.1%) 1,399 (58.2%) 66.9%
 No 7,773 (27.9%) 5,984 (36.4%) 1,082 (23.6%) 684 (25.9%) 1,004 (41.8%) 33.1%
Use of non-cannabis illicit drugs
 Yes 95 (0.3%) 89 (0.5%) 15 (0.3%) 12 (0.5%) 5 (0.2%) 0.4%
 No 27,796 (99.7%) 16,345 (99.5%) 4,576 (99.7%) 2,631 (99.5%) 2,398 (99.8%) 99.6%
History of substance abusea,b
 Yes 1,875 (6.7%) 380 (2.3%) 296 (6.4%) 330 (12.5%) 81 (3.4%) 5.6%
 No 26.016 (93.3%) 16,054 (97.7%) 4,295 (93.6%) 2,313 (87.5%) 2,322 (96.6%) 94.4%
Number of medicationsa,b
 0 14,272 (51.2%) 11,233 (68.4%) 2,625 (57.2%) 1,252 (47.4%) 1,216 (50.6%) 55.8%
 1 3,780 (13.6%) 1,601 (9.7%) 569 (12.4%) 358 (13.5%) 427 (17.8%) 12.8%
 2 2,263 (8.1%) 956 (5.8%) 399 (8.7%) 210 (8.0%) 226 (9.4%) 7.7%
 3 1,683 (6.0%) 738 (4.5%) 244 (5.3%) 179 (6.8%) 158 (6.6%) 5.7%
 4 1,115 (4.0%) 515 (3.1%) 167 (3.6%) 120 (4.5%) 124 (5.1%) 3.9%
 5+ 4,779 (17.1%) 1,391 (8.5%) 587 (12.8%) 524 (19.8%) 252 (10.5%) 14.0%
Average number of medications 2.2 (3.5) 1.2 (2.5) 1.7 (3.1) 2.5 (3.7) 1.7 (2.8) 2.1 (4.8)
Number of non-pharmacologic therapies used
 0 10,408 (37.3%) 7,979 (48.6%) 1,570 (34.2%) 997 (37.7%) 1,065 (44.3%) 40.6%
 1 5,558 (19.9%) 3,537 (21.5%) 1,121 (24.4%) 586 (22.2%) 487 (20.3%) 20.9%
 2 4,461 (16.0%) 2,256 (13.7%) 789 (17.2%) 388 (14.7%) 322 (13.4%) 15.3%
 3 3,184 (11.4%) 1,264 (7.7%) 503 (11.0%) 265 (10.0%) 264 (11.0%) 10.1%
 4 1,904 (6.9%) 674 (4.1%) 273 (5.9%) 181 (6.8%) 148 (6.2%) 6.0%
 5+ 2,377 (8.5%) 724 (4.4%) 335 (7.3%) 226 (8.6%) 117 (4.9%) 7.1%
Non-pharmacologic therapies
 Exercise 12,540 (45.0%) 5,935 (36.1%) 2,151 (46.9%) 1,137 (43.0%) 935 (38.9%) 42.1%
 Massage therapy 6,750 (24.2%) 2,937 (17.9%) 972 (21.2%) 511 (19.3%) 466 (19.4%) 21.6%
 Chiropractor 5,540 (19.9%) 2,272 (13.8%) 1,050 (22.9%) 362 (13.7%) 349 (14.5%) 18.0%
 Mental health counselling 6,117 (21.9%) 1,579 (9.6%) 864 (18.8%) 757 (28.6%) 421 (17.5%) 18.3%
 Physiotherapy 1,342 (4.8%) 1,270 (7.7%) 215 (4.7%) 102 (3.9%) 100 (4.2%) 5.5%
 Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy 2,760 (9.9%) 1,111 (6.8%) 251 (5.5%) 295 (11.2%) 175 (7.3%) 8.4%
 Aromatherapy 1,669 (6.0%) 1,015 (6.2%) 293 (6.4%) 211 (8.0%) 139 (5.8%) 6.3%
 Homeopathic medicine 1,467 (5.3%) 793 (4.8%) 278 (6.1%) 123 (4.7%) 92 (3.8%) 5.2%
 Acupuncture 3,309 (11.9%) 769 (4.7%) 503 (11.0%) 206 (7.8%) 243 (10.1%) 9.2%
 Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) 1,885 (6.8%) 478 (2.9%) 270 (5.9%) 213 (8.1%) 115 (4.8%) 5.7%
 Naturopathic medicine 860 (3.1%) 403 (2.5%) 149 (3.2%) 104 (3.9%) 49 (2.0%) 2.9%
 Reiki 1,380 (4.9%) 308 (1.9%) 205 (4.5%) 113 (4.3%) 71 (3.0%) 3.8%
 Addictions counselling 602 (2.2%) 137 (0.8%) 131 (2.9%) 115 (4.4%) 35 (1.5%) 1.9%
 Acudetox 19 (0.1%) 29 (0.2%) 7 (0.2%) 4 (0.2%) 6 (0.2%) 0.1%
 Other 42 (0.1%) 11 (0.1%) 18 (0.4%) 8 (0.3%) 8 (0.3%) 0.4%
Number of comorbid conditions
 0 2,206 (7.9%) 6,263 (38.1%) 294 (6.4%) 212 (8.0%) 213 (8.9%) 17.6%
 1 5,719 (20.5%) 5,548 (33.8%) 940 (20.5%) 429 (16.2%) 663 (27.6%) 26.0%
 2 4,935 (17.7%) 2,540 (15.5%) 991 (21.6%) 402 (15.2%) 459 (19.1%) 16.1%
 3 4,028 (14.4%) 1,183 (7.2%) 700 (15.2%) 370 (14.0%) 415 (17.3%) 11.9%
 4 3,276 (11.8%) 548 (3.3%) 531 (11.6%) 310 (11.7%) 253 (10.5%) 9.0%
 5+ 7,728 (27.7%) 352 (2.1%) 1,135 (24.7%) 920 (34.9%) 400 (16.6%) 19.4%
Total number of conditions, mean (SD)a,b 4.3 (2.8) 2.1 (1.3) 4.1 (2.6) 4.8 (3.1) 3.6 (2.1) 3.7 (2.6)
  1. Table 2 summarizes key patient characteristics of patients seeking medical cannabis access at CB2 Insights clinics between November 2018 and March 2020 across five states. The total column includes all 61,379 patients included in the initial study for comparison, including patients from 12 states (Mahabir et al. 2020). Total number of conditions refers to a count of the number of comorbid conditions plus one for the patients’ primary condition. SD = standard deviation
  2. aIndicates that statistical test for significance was completed between the five states; the total numbers were not included in statistical tests. ANOVA was conducted for average age and average number of conditions between states. Chi-squared tests were conducted for differences in proportions between states
  3. bIndicates that statistical test was significant, and the characteristic was significantly different between states