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Table 1 Number of cited ailments treated by folk medicine practitioners of Bangladesh using different parts of Cannabis sativa

From: A narrative review of the ethnomedicinal usage of Cannabis sativa Linnaeus as traditional phytomedicine by folk medicine practitioners of Bangladesh

Name of ailment Number of citation (n=) Parts used Pharmacological justification (from literature)
Sleep problems (insomnia, to induce sleep, soporific) 5 Leaf, root, seed, inflorescence Anticancer and antitumor (Lukhele and Motadi 2016; Velasco et al. 2012, 2016), analgesic (Argueta et al. 2020; Comelli et al. 2008), anti-arthritis (Lowin et al. 2020), anti-spasticity (Hagenbach et al. 2007; Leussink et al. 2012), antibacterial, antimicrobial (Appendino et al. 2008, Monika and Kaur, 2014, Pellegrini et al. 2020)
Cardiovascular care (Garza-Cervantes et al., 2020)
Digestive disorders (Goyal et al. 2017; Machado Rocha et al. 2008; Parker et al. 2011)
Infection, wound injury (Ali et al. 2012; Sangiovanni et al. 2019)
Hormonal effects (Brents 2016; Walker et al. 2019)
Mental health (Khan et al. 2020)
Headache/migraine (Leimuranta et al. 2018; Lochte et al. 2017), Neuroprotection (Fernández-Ruiz et al. 2015; Milano 2018)
Sedative, insomnia (Shannon et al. 2019; Vigil et al. 2018)
Arthritis and pain (gout, rheumatism, cancer and arthritic pain) 4 Leaf, root, seed
Gynecological disorders (dysmenorrhea, menorrhagia, expedite delivery) 4 Leaf, root
Cancer 3 All parts, leaf, root, seed
Sexual problems (erectile dysfunction, sex stimulation, low libido, pleasant sensation) 3 Leaf, root, seed
Gastrointestinal problems (diarrhea, dyspepsia, strangulated hernia, poor digestion, dysentery) 4 Leaf, flower
Neuropsychiatric and CNS (paralysis, psychosis, insanity) 5 Leaf, root
Infections and respiratory problems (tetanus, wound, tuberculosis, cough, asthma) 5 Leaf, root, resin
Other ailments (hypertension, headache, itch, increases bile secretion, abortifacient, dandruff, fever, urinary problems) 1 Leaf, root, resin