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Table 3 HIV disease and treatment characteristics of persons living with HIV according to balance disturbances

From: Cannabis use is not associated with increased balance disturbances in HIV-infected individuals

Variables HIV+ individuals with moderate-severe imbalance (n = 384) HIV+ individuals with no or minimal imbalance (n = 2462) Effect size (95% CI) p value
AIDS, n (%) 286 (74.5%) 1510 (61.3%) 1.83 [1.44; 2.34] b <.0001
Current CD4(cells/μL), median [IQR] 477 [279, 696] 469 [301, 685] 0.00 [− 0.10; 0.11] a 0.9
CD4 nadir(cells/μL), median [IQR] 107 [20, 239] 171 [40, 299] − 0.19 [− 0.3; − 0.09] a <.0002
Undetectable viral load, n (%) 203 (58.7%) 1355 (58.6%) 0.99 [0.78; 1.25] b 0.902
Currently on ART, n (%) 309 (80.7%) 1908 (77.6%) 1.65 [1.08; 2.54] b <.02
Duration of HIV infection (years), mean (SD) 14.0 (13) 11.6 (11) 0.23 [0.12; 0.34] a <.0005
  1. Effect size presented as aCohen’s d or bodds
  2. CI confidence interval, AIDS acquired immune deficiency syndrome, HIV human immunodeficiency virus, ART antiretroviral therapy