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Table 8 Bed placement of newborns by drug type

From: Substance use during pregnancy: impact on Colorado community hospital

  SCNSY or PEDSa NSYb
Opioids** 107 (54) 33 (19)
Cocaine 7 (1) 10 (4)
Cannabis** 74 (46) 171 (153)
Barbiturates 0 (0) 3 (2)
Benzodiazepines* 10 (2) 1 (1)
Amphetamines* 48 (11) 25 (10)
Methadone** 34 (19) 7 (4)
  1. According to chi-square tests for equality of proportions, the proportion of newborns in SCNSY/PEDS placement was higher than that in the NSY placement among the opioid-exposed newborns (χ2 = 68.86, df = 1, p < 0.001), benzodiazepine-exposed newborns (χ2 = 6.84, df = 1, p < 0.01), amphetamine-exposed newborns (χ2 = 10.95, df = 1, p < 0.001), methadone-exposed newborns (χ2 = 21.33, df = 1, p < 0.001), lower among the cannabis-exposed newborns in (χ2 = 69.07, df = 1, p < 0.001), and did not differ significantly among the cocaine-exposed newborns (χ2 = 0.08, df = 1, p = 0.78). The number of barbiturate-positive tests was too small to allow evaluation
  2. Abbreviations: SCNSY Special care nursery – high level acuity and intervention, PEDS Pediatric – moderate acuity and intervention, NSY Normal newborn nursery – low level acuity and intervention. The number of those exposed to a single particular drug is shown in parentheses
  3. * and ** indicate statistically significant differences between the proportions of SCNSY/PEDS and NSY newborns exposed to specific drugs with p < 0.01 (*) and p < 0.001 (**), respectively, as described above
  4. a 66 newborns placed in SCNSY or PEDS were exposed to multiple drugs
  5. b 27 newborns placed in NSY were exposed to multiple drugs