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Table 2 Summary of included studies

From: Chronic cannabis consumption and physical exercise performance in healthy adults: a systematic review

Study Design Sample size Participants Intervention Outcomes
Lisano et al. (2019b) Cross-sectional observational study design comparing cannabis users (n = 12) and non-users (n = 12) 24 Physically active males aged 19–39 (M = 23.71) N/A Vo2Max, Physical Work Capacity, pulmonary function, perceived exertion, BP, BMI, Body fat%, strength, serum testosterone, cortisol
Lisano et al. (2020) Cross-sectional observational study design comparing cannabis users (n = 15) and non-users (n = 15) 30 Physically active male (n = 10) and female (n = 5) cannabis users and physically active male (n = 10) and female (n = 5) non-users N/A VO2Max (treadmill), HR, BP, BMI, body fat%, serum cortisol and inflammatory markers
Maksud and Baron (1980) Cross-sectional observational design using four groups: Cannabis and cigarette users (n = 18), cannabis only (n = 13), cigarette only (n = 17), non-user (n = 17) 65 Male blue collar workers aged 19–34 N/A VO2Max, Physical Work Capacity, body fat %, lean body weight, hematocrit (%), hemoglobin, HR, perceived effort
Wade et al. (2019b) Cross-sectional observational design comparing cannabis users (38) and non-users (45) 83 English speaking persons aged 16–26, including 24 female and 21 male non-users, 12 female and 26 male cannabis users N/A VO2Max, average physical activity, BMI, psychological measures
  1. HR Heart Rate, VO2 Volume Oxygen, BMI Body Mass Index, BP Blood Pressure, N/A Not Applicable, n Number of participants in a group
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