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Table 7 Consequences of cannabis use among 200 Internet survey respondents in linear multivariate regression models

From: Cannabis as entheogen: survey and interview data on the spiritual use of cannabis

  Physical health Psychological health Spiritual practice Ability to get along with people Personal happiness
B SE p B SE p B SE p B SE p B SE p
Intercept 2.70 .88 ** 2.72 .94 ** 3.11 .89 *** 1.69 1.03   1.55 .96  
Age -.02 .05   .04 .06   -.11 .05 * -.09 .06   -.07 .06  
Gender (M) -.32 .15 * -.35 .16 * .00 .15   -.04 .17   .03 .16  
Education -.01 .05   .07 .05   .01 .05   .02 .06   .04 .05  
Extraversion .04 .04   .02 .04   .01 .04   .03 .04   .07 .04  
Conscientiousness .15 .05 *** .12 .05 ** .14 .05 ** .13 .05 * .13 .05 **
Openness .01 .06   .12 .06   .05 .06   .02 .07   .14 .06 *
Agreeableness .02 .04   .02 .05   -.07 .04   .03 .05   -.02 .05  
Emotional stability .05 .04   .06 .05   -.00 .05   -.02 .05   .04 .05  
Risk taking .01 .01   .01 .01   .01 .01   .01 .01   .01 .01  
Alcohol use -.06 .05   -.04 .05   -.03 .05   -.04 .06   -.08 .05  
Amphetamine use -.05 .06   -.04 .06   -.01 .06   -.02 .07   -.09 .07  
Cigarette/tobacco use .02 .03   .01 .04   .01 .03   .04 .04   .07 .04  
Cocaine use -.02 .12   -.05 .13   .04 .13   .22 .15   .06 .14  
Opiate use -.08 .06   -.23 .07 *** -.14 .07 * -.18 .06 * -.19 .07 **
Psychedelics use 12 months -.02 .03   -.03 .03   -.03 .03   .01 .04   -.01 .03  
Years of cannabis experience .01 .05   -.03 .05   .00 .05   .04 .06   .02 .05  
Cannabis use 12 months .06 .02 ** .11 .02 *** .05 .02 * .08 .02 ** .11 .02 ***
Escapist motivation -.10 .13   -.37 .14 ** -.14 .13   -.37 .15 * -.34 .14 *
Spiritual motivation .19 .13   .30 .13 * .51 .13 *** .07 .15   .07 .14  
  1. Note: N = 200. Results from linear multivariate regression models. Each model contains 19 independent variables: age, gender (coded as male = 1), education (quantified from 1 = “Have not completed high school” to 6 = “PhD”), the Big Five personality traits, the overall Risk Taking score (RTI), five variables for current drug use (quantified from 1 = “Daily” to 5 = “Never”), two variables for the number of use occasions for psychedelics and cannabis over the last 12 months, a variable for the number of years of cannabis experience (quantified from 1 = “Less than a year” to 5 = “10+ years”), a dichotomous variable for escapist motivation, and a dichotomous variable for spiritual motivation. Results from five models are shown, one for each of five dependent variables: physical health (model adjusted R-square = .12), psychological health (model adjusted R-square = .26), spiritual practice (model adjusted R-square = .14), sociability (model adjusted R-square = .11), and personal happiness (model adjusted R-square = .24). Values in bold represent statistically significant associations. B = unstandardized regression coefficient, SE = standard error, * p <= .05, ** p <= .01, *** p <= .001