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Table 5 Spiritual motivation as predictor of cannabis experience among 214 Internet survey respondents in multivariate logistic regression

From: Cannabis as entheogen: survey and interview data on the spiritual use of cannabis

  Feeling of homecoming or return to your essence Improved connection with nature Improved connection with other people Insight into the world Insight into your relations Love
B SE p B SE p B SE p B SE p B SE p B SE p
Intercept -1.65 2.69   -5.27 2.64 * -3.07 2.46   1.27 2.50   -2.50 2.43   -2.98 2.62  
Age .02 .17   .10 .16   -.17 .15   .22 .15   -.06 .15   .02 .16  
Gender (M) -.49 .45   -.17 .44   -.63 .44   -.80 .45   -.61 .42   -.46 .45  
Education -.16 .15   -.01 .15   -.08 .14   -.14 .14   -.12 .14   -.34 .15 *
Extraversion .06 .12   .11 .11   .21 .11   .11 .12   .01 .11   -.02 .12  
Conscientiousness -.06 .14   .34 .14 * .38 .13 ** .11 .13   .07 .13   .37 .14 **
Openness .23 .19   .28 .18   -.22 .17   -.01 .17   .09 .17   -.08 .18  
Agreeableness -.03 .14   .04 .13   -.12 .13   -.19 .13   .04 .13   .15 .14  
Emotional stability .05 .13   -.01 .13   .21 .12   .21 .13   .11 .12   -.06 .13  
Risk taking -.01 .02   .04 .02 * .04 .02   .01 .02   .02 .02   .02 .02  
Alcohol use -.06 .15   -.14 .15   .13 .14   .15 .15   .28 .14   .11 .15  
Amphetamine use -.13 .18   -.20 .18   -.08 .18   -.12 .18   -.09 .17   .24 .20  
Cigarette/tobacco use -.13 .10   .05 .10   .11 .10   .05 .10   .09 .09   .10 .10  
Cocaine use .23 .37   .15 .37   .09 .35   -1.04 .38 ** -.27 .35   -.07 .37  
Opiate use -.02 .19   -.17 .19   -.11 .18   .28 .19   .22 .18   -.20 .19  
Psychedelics use 12 months -.07 .09   -.04 .09   -.03 .09   -.07 .09   -.09 .08   -.08 .09  
Years of cannabis experience .10 .17   -.14 .15   .02 .15   .19 .15   .28 .14 * .09 .15  
Cannabis use 12 months .10 .07   .24 .07 *** .15 .06 * .11 .06   .03 .06   .17 .07 *
Spiritual motivation 1.19 .37 *** 1.59 .41 *** 1.18 .38 ** 1.27 .38 *** 1.24 .37 *** 1.28 .38 ***
  1. Note: N = 214. Results from multivariate logistic regression models. Each model contains 18 independent variables: age, gender (coded as male = 1), education (quantified from 1 = “Have not completed high school” to 6 = “PhD”), the Big Five personality traits, the overall Risk Taking score (RTI), five variables for current drug use (quantified from 1 = “Daily” to 5 = “Never”), two variables for the number of use occasions for psychedelics and cannabis over the last 12 months, a variable for the number of years of cannabis experience (quantified from 1 = “Less than a year” to 5 = “10+ years”), and a dichotomous variable for spiritual motivation. Results from six models are shown, one for each of six dependent variables: homecoming (model Nagelkerke R-square = .16), connection with nature (model Nagelkerke R-square = .32), connection with other people (model Nagelkerke R-square = .23), insight into the world (model Nagelkerke R-square = .27), insight into your relations (model Nagelkerke R-square = .19), and love (model Nagelkerke R-square = .27). Values in bold represent statistically significant associations. B = unstandardized regression coefficient, SE = standard error, * p <= .05, ** p <= .01, *** p <= .001