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Table 1 Participant characteristics for 265 Internet survey respondents (grouped according to motivation for cannabis use)a

From: Cannabis as entheogen: survey and interview data on the spiritual use of cannabis

  Spiritually motivated users
(N = 67)
Non-spiritually motivated users
(N = 198)
Diff.
Age 12% 18–19 years 7% 18–19 years p = .06
36% 20–29 years 29% 20–29 years
28% 30–39 years 33% 30–39 years
16% 40–49 years 15% 40–49 years
3% 50–59 years 11% 50–59 years
5% 60+ years 5% 60+ years
(Median = 30, M = 32.6, SD = 11.5) (Median = 34, M = 35.6, SD = 12.1)
Gender 12% female, 85% male, 3% other 20% female, 78% male, 2% other p = .16c
Relationship status 52% single 40% single p = .08
25% partner 32% partner p = .32
22% married 28% married p = .39
0% widow (er) 1% widow (er) p = .56
Number of children 75% none 66% none p = .15
10% one child 12% one child
13% two children 14% two children
2% three or more children 8% three or more children
(M = .42, SD = .78) (M = .63, SD = .99)
Education 8% PhD 5% PhD p = .96
15% Master’s degree 15% Master’s degree
21% Bachelor’s degree 22% Bachelor’s degree
33% some university 38% some university
19% high school 16% high school
5% not completed high school 5% not completed high school
(M = 5.16 years, SD = 2.56 years) (M = 5.03 years, SD = 2.32 years)
Religious backgroundb 15% Buddhist 9% Buddhist p = .18
21% Christian 24% Christian p = .63
8% Hindu 2% Hindu p = .03
6% Jewish 2% Jewish p = .05
3% Muslim 2% Muslim p = .45
22% New Age/Alternative 14% New Age/Alternative p = .09
34% Secular/Humanist 36% Secular/Humanist p = .82
48% other 41% other p = .33
Religious affiliation at presentb 51% Buddhist 23% Buddhist p < .01
28% Christian 14% Christian p = .01
30% Hindu 7% Hindu p < .01
9% Jewish 3% Jewish p = .04
8% Muslim 2% Muslim p = .01
45% New Age/Alternative 22% New Age/Alternative p < .01
34% Secular/Humanist 37% Secular/Humanist p = .68
42% other 47% other p = .46
Occupationb 51% full time job 59% full time job p = .26
16% part time job 17% part time job p = .89
27% student 17% student p = .07
3% pensioner 4% pensioner p = .83
5% unemployed 5% unemployed p = .85
13% other 16% other p = .66
Geographical location at present 60% North America 55% North America p = .46
24% Western Europe 30% Western Europe p = .35
6% Eastern Europe 4% Eastern Europe p = .39
5% Oceania 8% Oceania p = .32
3% Middle East 1% Middle East p = .10
2% South America 2% South America p = .78
2% Africa 1% Africa p = .42
0% Asia 1% Asia p = .41
Personality traits 3.96 Extraversion 3.82 Extraversion p = .54
4.69 Conscientiousness 4.98 Conscientiousness p = .19
6.07 Openness 5.80 Openness p = .08
4.96 Agreeableness 4.73 Agreeableness p = .20
4.87 Emotional stability 4.79 Emotional stability p = .71
37.33 Risk taking 34.19 Risk taking p < .01
Years of cannabis experience 3.0% Less than a year 8.6% Less than a year p = .06
11.9% 1–3 years 18.2% 1–3 years
11.9% 3–5 years 11.1% 3–5 years
22.4% 5–10 years 21.2% 5–10 years
50.7% 10+ years 40.9% 10+ years
(Median = 10+ years) (Median = 7 years)
Cannabis use last 12 months Median = 91 use occasions Median = 67 use occasions p = .31
Psychedelics use last 12 monthsd Median = 3 use occasions Median = 3 use occasions p = .43
Alcohol use 14.9% Daily 3.5% Daily p = .18
17.9% A few times per week 18.7% A few times per week
25.4% A few times per month 29.8% A few times per month
23.9% A few times per year 31.8% A few times per year
17.9% Never 16.2% Never
Amphetamine use 1.5% Daily 5.6% Daily p = .65
1.5% A few times per week 2.5% A few times per week
7.5% A few times per month 5.1% A few times per month
16.4% A few times per year 15.7% A few times per year
73.1% Never 71.2% Never
Cigarette/tobacco use 32.8% Daily 31.8% Daily p = .57
6.0% A few times per week 5.1% A few times per week
9.0% A few times per month 6.1% A few times per month
10.4% A few times per year 10.1% A few times per year
41.8% Never 47.0% Never
Cocaine use 0% Daily 0% Daily p = .70
1.5% A few times per week 0.5% A few times per week
4.5% A few times per month 1.5% A few times per month
14.9% A few times per year 22.2% A few times per year
79.1% Never 75.8% Never
Opiate use 3.0% Daily 4.5% Daily p = .20
1.5% A few times per week 1.5% A few times per week
1.5% A few times per month 2.0% A few times per month
22.4% A few times per year 11.6% A few times per year
71.6% Never 80.3% Never
  1. Note: The ‘Diff.’ column indicates significant difference between the two groups on the Mann-Whitney U test, with significant values indicated in bold (p < = .05). aSums may differ from 100% because of rounding. bSums to more than 100% because respondents could choose several alternatives. cOther gender (N = 7) excluded. dThis refers to the use of the psychedelic drug that participants chose to describe their interaction with in the survey. M = mean. SD = standard deviation