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Table 1 Demographics by cannabis use status in 1161 adult athletes [Data as N (%)]*

From: Attitudes about cannabis mediate the relationship between cannabis knowledge and use in active adult athletes

VariableCategoryTotal (N = 1161)Current User (N = 302)Ever, not current User (N = 483)Never User (N = 376)
Sex1Male722 (62.2)182 (60.3)312 (64.6)228 (60.6)
Female437 (37.6)120 (39.7)170 (35.2)147 (39.1)
Age*21–39374 (32.2)122 (40.4)139 (28.8)113 (30.1)
40 and over787 (67.8)180 (59.6)344 (71.2)263 (69.9)
EthnicityCaucasian1042 (89.8)269 (89.1)439 (90.9)334 (88.8)
Other119 (10.2)33 (10.9)44 (9.1)42 (11.2)
Primary Sport**Running299 (25.8)75 (24.8)113 (23.4)111 (29.5)
Cycling258 (22.2)69 (22.8)111 (23.0)78 (20.7)
Triathlon399 (34.4)73 (24.2)184 (38.1)142 (37.8)
Other*205 (17.7)85 (28.1)75 (15.5)45 (12.0)
Days per week exercise**1–4 days309 (26.6)112 (37.1)116 (24.0)81 (21.5)
5–7 days852 (73.4)190 (62.9)367 (76.0)295 (78.5)
Athlete Status*Professional25 (2.2)11 (3.6)7 (1.4)7 (1.9)
Serious/competitive (amateur)468 (40.3100 (33.1)202 (41.8)166 (44.1)
Frequent/fitness athlete405 (34.9)100 (33.1)179 (37.1)126 (33.5)
Recreational athlete243 (20.9)86 (28.5)87 (18.0)70 (18.6)
Other20 (1.7)5 (1.7)8 (1.7)7 (1.9)
Pain**No pain592 (51.0)118 (39.1)261 (54.0)213 (56.6)
< 3 months94 (8.1)30 (9.9)34 (7.0)30 (8.0)
3 or more months475 (40.9)154 (51.0)188 (38.9)133 (35.4)
Country**United States969 (83.5)300 (79.8)396 (82.0)274 (90.7)
Other192 (16.5)76 (20.2)87 (18.0)28 (9.3)
Cannabis legal in state or country**Yes583 (50.2)170 (45.2)218 (45.1)195 (64.6)
No532 (45.8)184 (48.9)247 (51.1)101 (33.4)
Unsure46(4.0)22 (5.9)18 (3.7)6 (2)
  1. *Modified from Zeiger et al. (2019) (Zeiger et al. 2019a); 1Not all numbers add to 1161 due to two participants declining to answer the question. Chi-square test for group differences by cannabis use status: *p < 0.01; **p < 0.001
  2. Other sports breakdown: Swimming, 62; Strength training/gym, 29; Trail running, 19; Hiking, 14; Walking, 10; Winter sports (skiing, snowboarding, snow shoeing), 9; Yoga/Pilates, 7; Spartan races, 7; Climbing, 6; Martial arts/MMA, 5; Hockey, 5; Multiple sports, 3; Dance, 3; Soccer, 2; Baseball/, 4; Tennis, 2; Collegiate Soccer/HIIT/Crossfit, 2; Duathlon, 2; Roller derby, 2; Lacrosse, 2; Motor sports / horseback riding, 1; Multiple racquet sports, 1; Pilates, 1; Rebounding, 1; Boxing, 1; Rugby, 1; Sailing, 1; Softball, 1; Rowing, 1; Aquabike, 1; Archery, 1;